In addition to federal wage and hour rules governing the employment of minors, California has its own set of laws when it comes to companies in this state hiring people under 18 to work at their businesses. Employers bear the responsibility for following these laws, and they can be held accountable for wage and hour violations if, for whatever reason, they do not do so.
One example of California's child labor laws is that the state requires an employee under 18 to have a permit to work, and a company must verify as much before taking on a new hire who is a minor. Basically, the child's local school and parents must acquiesce to the child's having a job, in writing and on a form prescribed by the state, before an employer can put the child to work.
This is true no matter how responsible the child is at school and otherwise. On the other hand, it also holds true if a minor child has "dropped out" of high school. However, if a child has been legally emancipated from his or her parents, the child can seek a work permit on his or her own and does not need parental consent.
There are many other special rules that apply to employees who are under 18 and, presumably, still in school. Employers have an obligation to know and follow these rules if they want to hire Los Angeles residents under 18 years old, no matter how complicated and costly the rules might seem to them.
A young employee in California and his or her family should expect employers to follow these rules. If an employer does not do so, and the young employee gets hurt in some way as a result, then there may be legal means by which the employer can be held accountable for its violations of these rules. A Los Angeles employment law attorney can serve as a valuable resource for residents who have any questions about their rights and options.