Workers in Los Angeles and across the country might have a fleeting and vague notion of what it means to have various rights against mistreatment at work, but they don't fully understand where their rights emanate from, let alone what they are. Workers were accorded rights protecting them against such issues as wrongful termination, discrimination and harassment based on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. If any of these rights have been violated, the victim will have the ability to file a complaint and seek to be compensated.
The law makes it illegal for there to be discrimination against anyone based on their sex, religion, race, national origin, or color. Nor can anyone be subject to retaliation for complaining about such treatment. In addition, the law protects against certain practices that will result in discrimination. Employers are not allowed to use the above-listed reasons when they decide to hire and fire; compensate, assign or classify; make job advertisements or adhere to recruiting practices; test; allow the use of company facilities; train and add to an apprentice program; formulate retirement plans, benefits and leave; and any other terms and conditions to be employed.
Under Title VII, the following discriminatory practices are also illegal: harassing a worker based on the above listed reasons; refusal or failure to provide reasonable accommodation to those who have certain religious practices and observances unless it would create a hardship on the employer and the business; make decisions on employment due to stereotypes and ingrained beliefs of people based on their sex, race, and other issues; denying a person employment because he or she is married to someone of a different race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
A large number of workers are fearful that if they complain about this type of treatment, they will be retaliated against and lose their jobs. Others might not realize that the reason they didn't get a particular job, receive a justified promotion, or were deprived of some other benefit to which they were entitled was due to race, color, religion, national origin or any of the other protected factors. When there is a belief that there was a violation of a part of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the victim needs to understand his or her rights and speak to a legal professional about a possible lawsuit.
Source: justice.gov, "Title VII Of The Civil Rights Act Of 1964," accessed on Oct. 13, 2015